Ganesha is the first amongst all Hindu deities to be
worshipped and is usually referred to as Prathama Pujya
or the “first worshipped”. The Ganesha festival or Ganesha
Chaturthi as it is commonly called is observed and
celebrated on the fourth lunar day during the bright
fortnight in the Hindu month of Bhadrapad which
corresponds to August-September. The most auspicious
time to commence this festival is midday as stated by
Brihaspati in Kala Niraya.
A beautiful murti of Ganesha usually made from clay is consecrated and worshipped
utilizing the sixteen Upacharas or
the sixteen steps of worship. The sixteen steps of worship
would include all of the following and whatever else the
priest deems necessary during the consecration ceremony:
The ceremony requires twenty one modakas or ladoos to be offered. Five are offered to Ganesha in the puja, another five are offered to five Brahamanas and the remaining eleven are to be offered to the host of the puja or yajna to be eaten by him or her and or members of his or her immediate family. As far as the sharing of prasad is concerned, all rules that applies must be followed in accordance with the instructions of the presiding priests.